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Wednesday, November 12, 2008

Judo Techniques and Practice

Judo includes a variety of rolls, falls, throws, hold downs, chokes, joint locks, and strikes but the primary focus is on throwing and groundwork.

Ground Fighting
techniques are divided into attacks against the joints or joint locks, strangleholds or choke holds, and holding or pinning techniques.

Techniques in Throwing

1. Standing Techniques

- hip techniques

- foot and leg techniques

2. Sacrifice Techniques

KATA (forms)

-It is a pre arranged patterns of attack and defense, which in judo are practiced with a partner for the purpose of perfecting judo techniques.

7 kata that are recognized by the Kodokan:

1. Free practice forms (Randori no Kata)

- Throwing forms (Nage no Kata)

- Grappling forms (Katame no Kata)

2. Old style self-defense forms (Kime no Kata)

3. MOdern self-defense forms (Kodokan Goshin Jutsu)

4. Forms of "gentleness" (Ju no Kata)

5. The five forms (Itsutsu no Kata)

6.Ancient forms (Koshiki no Kata)

7. Maximum-efficiency national physical education kata (Seiryoku Zenyo Kokumin Taiiku no Kata)

Randori (sparring)

Judo emphasizes a free-style sparring, called randori, as one of its main forms of training. Part of the combat time is spent sparring standing up, called tachi-waza, and the other part on the ground, called ne-waza. Sparring, even subject to safety rules, is much more practically effective than only practicing techniques on their own, which is what jujutsuka were used to doing. Using full strength develops the muscles and cardio-vascular system on the physical side of things, and it develops strategy and reaction time on the mental side of things, and helps the practitioner learn to use techniques against a resisting opponent. A common saying among judoka is "The best training for judo is judo."

There are several types of sparring exercises, such as ju renshu (both judoka attack in a very gentle way where no resistance is applied); and kakari geiko (only one judoka attacks while the other one relies solely on defensive and evasive techniques, but without the use of sheer strength.)

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